### 5. Current Average Business Loan Rates: Your Guide to Interest Rates

Jul 08, 2024 • 10 min read

Whether you’re looking for financing to help pay for equipment upgrades or to get your new business off the ground, understanding current business loan interest rates and different loan types will help you pick the loan option that’s right for you.

The overall cost of getting a business loan can vary significantly with various loan options and a range of interest rates.

The right option will depend on how soon you need the money, the interest rate you qualify for, and if your business can afford the payments.

## How do interest rates work?

Think of the interest rate as the cost of borrowing money from a lender. The term of your loan, the loan type (i.e., fixed or variable), and the interest rate all affect how much money the funding will cost you. However, it would help if you also looked at other factors, including the loan term and the amortization schedule.

To figure out the basic interest you will pay on a loan if you do not pay it off early, you can use the following equation:

Principal of the loan X interest rate X years of term = total interest paid

There are several other factors that play a role in the total cost of the loan. To get a full picture of the cost of a business loan, you can request an amortization schedule from your lender or find one online.

#### Factor rates

Some forms of business financing, such as a cash advance, use factor rate instead of interest rate. Unlike interest rates, a factor rate is a decimal figure that applies to the original funding amount rather than the remaining balance. For example, if you were to receive a cash advance of \$20,000 at a factor rate of 1.5, the total payback amount would be \$30,000.

#### Factoring fees

Factoring fees are a one-time payment, calculated as a percentage of the total value of accounts receivable being factored.

Now, let’s look at some interest rates available to small businesses today.

## How to find the right business loan.

There are many different types of loans, some of which have higher standards for approval than others. For instance, traditional bank loans and Small Business Administration loans require that a business has been established for two years.

Here are a few types of business loans/financing that are available to businesses:

• General term loans: These often come with more strict approval requirements and are offered only to businesses that have been in operation for at least six months. These loans can have a variable or fixed interest rate and usually require monthly payments and a set payoff date.
• SBA loan: Designed for more established companies, SBA loans offer funding for various projects and are backed by the Small Business Administration. As a result, their interest rates can be lower, but the approval process tends to be more extended.
• Business line of credit: This gives business owners flexibility in how they use the funds. It does not all need to be used at once and can continue to be borrowed as it’s paid off. A line of credit may have daily, weekly, or monthly interest rates that can vary considerably depending on the length of the loan.

Depending on how you’ll use the money, how quickly you need the funds, and how quickly you want to pay it off, you can select a loan type that works best for you.

## Current average business loan rates.

Average business loan interest rates will vary based on the type of loan, creditworthiness of the business, loan term length, and economic factors.

Here are the current average business loan rates:

If you’re looking for a business loan today, you should consider the varying interest rates and select which one is best for you. Your loan will be based on many factors that impact your interest rate, including your business or personal credit.

## Term length and interest rates.

40% interest rate? Yikes. If the rates above are giving you a case of sticker shock, it will help to break down the difference between the total interest paid vs the interest rate.

While a home mortgage will typically have lower interest rates, that loan is paid back over a period of years or decades with the total interest paid adding up over time. Many business loans are paid back in six months to a year, so even though the interest rate is higher, the total interest rate paid will be similar to a loan with a lower interest rate.

## What is the true cost of a business loan?

Your interest rate is only one portion of the cost of a loan for your business. Depending on the type of loan and the lender, there may be additional fees that you’re responsible for paying.

These fees may include:

• An origination fee to process your loan application
• An underwriting fee
• Closing costs
• Early payoff fee or a charge to refinance the loan later

It is essential to thoroughly understand the total cost of the loan by reading the loan agreement before you sign since these other business loan fees can change the cost of your loan.

To understand the cost of your loan, you will want to look at the annual percentage rate, which includes the percentage rate, as well as other loan fees like origination, underwriting, and closing costs. Not all lenders will provide an APR, so to accurately compare options, ensure you understand how they calculate the percentage.

#### Fixed vs. variable interest rates

Another factor that plays a role in a business loan’s overall cost is whether it has a variable or fixed interest rate.

A fixed-rate loan will have a consistent interest rate and monthly payment. It will not change over the life of the loan. Loans that are distributed in a lump sum often have a fixed rate.

A variable rate loan may have a lower interest rate initially, but the rate will change based on the index that fluctuates with the market. So if the underlying market increases, your variable rate will also increase. This can make it difficult to budget or anticipate payments month-to-month.

When looking for the best loan rate, you should look at the average APR of different loan types to decide which loan may be best for you.

Depending on the type of loan you think would be best, you’ll want to explore the best lender and get ready to apply for a business loan.

Some online lenders may be able to get you prequalified with a soft pull on your credit to give you an idea of your rate before you apply.

Use a business loan calculator to help you compare the different loan options and see which one will cost your business more over the life of the loan.

## Quickly compare loan offers from multiple lenders.

Applying is free and won’t impact your credit.

###### Tanner Cupello

Tanner Cupello has worked in the small business lending industry for eight years assisting thousands of small business owners to get financing to sustain and grow their businesses. At Lendio he oversees and trains the full team of funding managers on business loan products and a network of over 75 lenders.

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### 6. Typical Small Business Loan Terms

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